Artificial intelligence has long since left the specter of science fiction to sneak into our lives and, even though it is still at a very early stage, undoubtedly, it is called to be one of the protagonists of a revolution similar to the one generated by the Internet..
In reality, AI is present both in our day to day and in the decisions of numerous companies from very different sectors: education, security, Health, finance … And it is that artificial intelligence applications are very useful in many areas , even though there is still a long way to go.
What is artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence (also known as AI) is the intelligence carried out by machines. According to computer science, an ideal intelligent machine is a flexible agent that perceives its environment and performs actions that maximize its chances of success in some objective or task.
In other words, AI is the combination of algorithms designed to create machines that have the same capabilities as humans..
Types of artificial intelligence currently
According to Peter Norvig and Stuart Russell, computer experts, there are different types of AI:
Systems that think like humans
Automate activities such as decision-making, problem solving and learning. Example: artificial neural networks.
Systems that act like humans
Computers that perform tasks similar to those people do. Example: robots.
Systems that think rationally
They emulate the rational logical thinking of humans. In other words, investigates how to get machines to perceive, reason and act accordingly. Example: expert systems.
Systems that act rationally
They try to rationally imitate human behavior. Example: intelligent agents.
7 practical applications of artificial intelligence
Continuous advances in AI drive the use of big data thanks to its ability to process huge amounts of data and provide communicative advantages, commercial and business that make it one of the technologies that will have more presence in the coming decades.
1. Virtual Personal Assistants
Nowadays it is very common that, when entering a web page, let's find interactive chatbots that suggest products, restaurants, Hotels, services, shows based on our queries.
It is one of the clearest examples of artificial intelligence, same as Amazon's Alexa, Apple's Siri or Microsoft's Cortana, that we find integrated into our everyday devices.
With AI services such as Azure Bot service Companies can develop intelligent bots that help enrich the user experience while maintaining control of data. Adding a question and answer bot or a virtual assistant with your own brand is ideal for connecting with users.
An interesting framework for building AI experiences at the enterprise level is Microsoft Bot Framework.
Smart technologies can help banks detect fraud, predict market patterns and even advise your clients on transactions.
With intelligent agents you can know if a student is about to cancel their registration, suggest new courses or create personalized offers to make the most of learning.
With AI you can make sales forecasts and select the ideal product to recommend to the customer. Big companies like Amazon use robots to identify whether a product will succeed or not., even before its launch.
5. Climate and agriculture
Another application of artificial intelligence that can be used for the good of our planet are the fleets of drones that plant millions of trees annually to face deforestation., unmanned underwater vehicles detecting leaks in pipelines, smart buildings designed to reduce energy consumption, etc.
in addition, specific platforms are used that, through predictive analytics, improve agricultural yields and warn of adverse environmental impacts.
6. Logistics and transport
AI is useful for avoiding collisions or traffic jams and, especially, to get the most out of traffic. As an example, there are some models of Tesla cars that have systems that share the routes of the vehicles with the rest to have more detailed information about the roads.
7. Bless you
It's not uncommon to use chatbots that ask about symptoms to make a diagnosis.. A) Yes, through data collection, patterns are generated that help identify genetic factors susceptible to developing a disease.
6 robotics laws proposed by the European Union
The rapid emergence of artificial intelligence and robotics in today's society has led to several international bodies (as the European Union) to consider the creation of regulations that regulate its use and avoid possible future problems:
- Robots must have an emergency switch to avoid any dangerous circumstances.
- They will not be able to harm human beings, since robotics is expressly designed to help and protect people.
- They will not be able to determine emotional relationships.
- Obligation to take out insurance for larger machines. And is that, before any material damage, the owners must bear the expenses.
- Your rights and obligations will be legally classified.
- Machines will pay social security taxes. Their entry into the labour market will have a negative impact on the workforce of many companies, so robots will have to pay taxes to subsidize the benefits of the unemployed.
Artificial intelligence: the future is here
The great advances in the field of AI will make humanity more and more efficient and that we can execute actions never before thought due to its enormous complexity. But, for now, we will have to settle for the current applications of artificial intelligence and its multiple advantages.